Maypop, American mandrake
Berberidaceae – Barberry family
Up to 18 in tall
Two large deeply lobed umbrella-like leaves
Single branched stem
A system of horizontal rhizomes and tubers will blanket an area
A single small white waxy flower is borne suspended from the branch of the stem.
In late spring a single globe to egg shaped fruit grows.
It is important to note that the fruit is mildly toxic until it has ripened and turned yellow.
Moist lush woodlands
Fruit, Root (Medicinal)
Wild Food Uses:
The ripe fruit can be eaten raw, cooked, or made into a jam or jelly. It can also be used to make a lemonade-like drink.
The following text is meant for informational purposes only. It is not meant to diagnose or treat any illness or injury. Always consult with a physician or other qualified medical care provider concerning the diagnosis and treatment of any illness or injury.
Native Americans and early settlers used the root as a strong purgative, "liver cleaner", emetic, and worm expeller. Also used to treat jaundice, constipation, hepatitis, fevers, and syphilis. Also used to treat genital warts, herpes, influenza, and vaccinia viruses. The compound Podophyllotoxin has anti-cancer and antimalarial activity. There are two derivatives that are used in chemotherapy against several types of cancer. Etoposide is used in combination with other compounds to treat testicular cancer, and as a primary treatment for small cell lung cancer. Also used to treat various forms of leukemia.
Anthelmintic, Antineoplastic, Hepatic, Laxative