Edible and Medicinal Plants

Plants are an important part of the natural world. They have been around much longer than any other living thing. I like to think of them as the foundation for all living things. If not for plants and photosynthesis, we would not have the oxygen we breath. As if supplying the oxygen we breath was not enough, over 60% of western medicines are derived from plants. Plants are the food of all of the animals we eat. Even those which are not herbivores, eat other organisms which do eat plants.

There are countless thousands of edible and medicinal plants. They are everywhere you look. Even in the most populated cities, if you know what to look for, there are edible and medicinal plants all over the place. This website and my foraging classes are designed to get you started on your journey toward learning to recognize and make use of the plants that surround you.

While this list is a good start, it is by no means a comprehensive list of all edible and medicial plants.

Interested in edible and medicinal plants? Come along on one of our Plant Walks.

Amaranth

Amaranthus spp.

Plant Info

American Ginseng

Panax quinquefolius

Plant Info

Arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia

Plant Info

Astragalus

Astragalus membranaceus

Plant Info

Autumn Olive

Eleagnus umbulata

Plant Info

Barberry

Berberis vulgaris

Plant Info

Bearberry

Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi

Plant Info

Black Cherry

Prunus serotina

Plant Info

Black Raspberry

Rubus occidentalis

Plant Info

Black Cohosh

Actaea racemosa

Plant Info

Bloodroot

Sanguinaria canadensis

Plant Info

Blueberry

Vaccinium spp.

Plant Info

Bracken Fern

Bracken

Plant Info

Bunchberry

Cornus canadensis

Plant Info

Burdock

Arctium spp.

Plant Info

Cattail

Typha spp.

Plant Info

Chickweed

Stallaria media

Plant Info

Chicory

Cichorium intybus

Plant Info

chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

Plant Info

Cleaver

Galium aparine

Plant Info

Clover-Red

Trifolium pratense

Plant Info

Clover-White

Trifolium perens

Plant Info

Coltsfoot

Tussilago farfara

Plant Info

Comfrey

Symphytum officinale

Plant Info

Cowparsnip

Heracleum maximum

Plant Info

Creeping Bellflower

Campanula rapunculoides

Plant Info

Creeping Snowberry

Gaultheria hispidula

Plant Info

Curlydock

Rumex crispus

Plant Info

Dandelion

Taraxacum

Plant Info

Daylily

Hemerocallis fulva

Plant Info

Duckweed

Spirodela spp.

Plant Info

Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus

Plant Info

Echinacea

Echinacea purpurea

Plant Info

Elderberry

Sambucas nigra

Plant Info

Evening Primrose

Oenothera spp.

Plant Info

Fleabane

Erigeron philadelphicus

Plant Info

Garlic Mustard

Alliaria petiolata

Plant Info

Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis

Plant Info

Goldenseal

Hydrastis canadensis

Plant Info

Great Bullrush

Scirpus validus

Plant Info

Highbush Cranberry

Viburnum trilobum

Plant Info

Hound's Tongue

Cynoglossum officinale

Plant Info

Indian Cucumber

Medeola virginiana

Plant Info

Indian Pipe

Monotropa uniflora

Plant Info

Japanese Knotweed

Fallopia japonic

Plant Info

Jerusalem Artichoke

Helianthus tuberosus

Plant Info

Jewelweed

Impatiens capensis

Plant Info

Juneberry

Amelanchier medik

Plant Info

Kava Kava

Piper methysticum

Plant Info

Ladys Thumb

Polygonum persicaria

Plant Info

Lamb's Quarters

Chenopodium album

Plant Info

Lemon Balm

Melissa officinalis

Plant Info

Mallow

Malva neglecta

Plant Info

Marsh Mallow

Malva neglecta

Plant Info

Marsh Marigold

Caltha palustris

Plant Info

Mayapple

Podophyllum peltatum

Plant Info

Meadowsweet

Spiraea alba

Plant Info

Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca

Plant Info

Motherwort

Leonurus cardiaca

Plant Info

Mullberry

Morus rubra

Plant Info

Mullein

Verbascum thapsus

Plant Info

Ostrichfern

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Plant Info

Oxeye Daisy

Chrysanthemum leucanth.

Plant Info

Pineapple Weed

Matricaria discoidea

Plant Info

Pipsissewa

Chimaphila umbellata

Plant Info

Plantain

Plantago spp.

Plant Info

Pot Marigold

Calendula officinalis

Plant Info

Purslane

Portulaca oleracea

Plant Info

Queen Anne's Lace

Daucus carota

Plant Info

Ramps

Allium tricoccum

Plant Info

Salsify

Tragopogon spp.

Plant Info

Sassafrass

Sassafras albidum

Plant Info

Selfheal

Prunella vulgaris

Plant Info

Sheep Sorrel

Rumex acetosella

Plant Info

Shepherd's Purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Plant Info

Skullcap

Scutellaria lateriflora

Plant Info

Solomon's Seal

Polygonatum biflorum

Plant Info

Spiderwort

Tradescantia L

Plant Info

Spring Beauty

Claytonia virginica

Plant Info

Staghorn Sumac

Rhus typhina

Plant Info

Stinging Nettle

Urtica dioica

Plant Info

St John's Wort

Hypericum perforatum

Plant Info

Swamp Rose

Rosa palustris

Plant Info

Tall Blue Lettuce

Lactuca biennis

Plant Info

Trout Lily

Erythronium americanum

Plant Info

Turmeric

Curcuma longa

Plant Info

Valerian

Valeriana officinalis

Plant Info

White Cedar

Thuja occidentalis

Plant Info

Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa

Plant Info

Wild grape

Vitis riparia

Plant Info

Wild Lettuce

Lactuca canadensis

Plant Info

Wild Strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Plant Info

Willow

Salix spp.

Plant Info

Wintercress

Barbarea vulgaris

Plant Info

Wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens

Plant Info

Witch Hazel

Hamamelis virginiana

Plant Info

Wood Sorrel

Oxalis spp.

Plant Info

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

Plant Info