White Morel, Yellow Morel, Black Morel
Morchellaceae – Morcella family
Morels are a very distinct genus of mushrooms. Looking somewhat like a pine cone on a stalk, morels have a spongy, porous, honeycombed appearance. The stems and caps are hollow. The caps of the white morel are white ridged, with tan pores, and as they age, the ridges and pores become yellowish, changing the name to the yellow morel. I have even heard tell of yellow morels which, in perfect conditions, grow to a foot tall, and become giant morels. I have yet to see this phenomenon, so I lend these fables the same weight as I do stories of unicorns, and fairies. The black morel has black ridges with tan pores. The black morel tends to become darker with age. When the cap has turned predominately to all black, it is unpalatable. Morels only have one look a like; Ascomycete spp., or false morels are a group of mushrooms which at first glance appear to be morels, but upon closer scrutiny their differences become glaringly obvious. While Morels have a porous surface, the surface of false morels have a brain-like appearance.
¾" - 1 5/8" wide, ¾" - 2" high; elongate and narrowly conical; with dark gray to black longitudinal and radial ribs (sometimes irregular), and long, yellow-brown pits; attached to stalk at base; hollow.
2" - 4" long, ¾" - 1 5/8" thick; whitish, granular to mealy; hollow.
24 - 28 x 12 - 14 µ; elliptical, smooth, located in pits.
2" - 6" tall
April - May
Moist woodlands, old orchards, burned areas, coniferous forests especially spruce, sandy soils.
National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms Description:
The black morel; Black ribbed, honeycombed cap on whitish stalk.
Cap: ¾" - 1 5/8" wide, ¾" - 2" high; elongate and narrowly conical; with dark gray to black longitudinal and radial ribs (sometimes irregular), and long, yellow-brown pits; attached to stalk at base; hollow.
Stalk: 2" - 4" long, ¾" - 1 5/8" thick; whitish, granular to mealy; hollow.
Spores: 24 - 28 x 12 - 14 µ; elliptical, smooth, located in pits.
While a very tasty edible, some people do experience gastric upset when eating black morels. This may be due to the fact that black morels are thought to be composed of numerous varieties. This means that a person can eat black morels one time with no ill effect, and end up sick to their stomachs the next time.
Wild Food Uses:
Enjoy this choice offering just about any way you can imagine.
The following text is meant for informational purposes only. It is not meant to diagnose or treat any illness or injury. Always consult with a physician or other qualified medical care provider concerning the diagnosis and treatment of any illness or injury.