Red Mulberry

(Morus rubra)

Other Names:


Moraceae – Mulberry family

Growth Type:
Deciduous tree

Up to 60 ft tall

The leaves are simple, alternate, and up to 2 dm long. The leaves are broad, egg - shaped, and lobed. The base of the leaf is square, as if it has been cut off abruptly. The tip of the leaf is pointed. The leaves have sharply serrated margins. The upper leaf surface is rough to the touch. The lower surface is soft and covered with short hairs. The petioles are 2 to 3 cm long and produce a milky fluid when broken.

A short, stout, trunk with spreading branches that form a round crown. The bark of older trees changes from smooth to scaly and is typically dark brown in color. The small branches are usually covered with short hairs.

Spreading root system

Flower Season:
Early spring

Flower Appearance:
The flowers are small, inconspicuous, yellowish green or reddish green, and opening as leaves emerge. Male and female flowers are usually on separate trees although they may occur on the same tree.

The catkins that bear stamens are 2 to 5 cm long. The catkins that bear pistils are 2 to 2.5 cm long. Red mulberry has aggregate fruits that are 2 to 3 cm long. The fruits are juicy and have a dark purple color.

Miscellaneous characteristics:
Red mulberry is very susceptible to hybridization, and is often crossed with the invasive asian white mulberry.

Red Mulberry can often be found growing in floodplains, river valleys, and moist hillsides.

Parts Used:

Wild Food Uses:
The fruit of the mulberry tree can be used in any way other fruits are used. They can be used to make pies, jams, and jellies. My favorite way to enjoy these fruits on a hot summer day are fresh from the tree.

The following text is meant for informational purposes only. It is not meant to diagnose or treat any illness or injury. Always consult with a physician or other qualified medical care provider concerning the diagnosis and treatment of any illness or injury.

Medicinal Uses:
None Known

Medicinal Actions:

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