daisy fleabane, common fleabane, marsh, fleabane, frost-root, skervish,
poor robin’s plantain
– Aster family
A native, biennial or short-lived, somewhat
weedy, perennial herb.
1 - 3 foot-tall
Stem is leafless, A sparse rosette of
basal leaves (1½ - 6¼ inch long). The basal leaves are ovate
(widest near the base) with toothed margins. Another group
of smaller, lanceolate leaves surround and clasp the stem
near the base. The leaves and
stems can be sparsely pubescent to quite hairy.
The flowers grow on branches atop a 1 - 3
foot-tall leafless, usually single, stem that grows out of a
sparse rosette of basal leaves (1½ - 6¼ inch long). Each
branch can bear from a few to several flowers or drooping
The aster-like flowers (½ – 1 inch in
diameter), which bloom in the spring, have yellow centers of
tubular disk flowers (1 - 1¼ inch long), surrounded by from
100-150 narrow, white to pinkish-purple rays.
common name "fleabane" is from Old English and it refers to
the plant’s odor, which supposedly can repel fleas.
Wet meadows, open fields, flood plains, lowland woodlands,
thickets, fields, along streams, low pastures, wet roadsides and
seepage areas. Grows best in full sun, but will tolerate dappled
Wild Food Uses:
The following text is
meant for informational purposes only. It is not meant to diagnose or
treat any illness or injury. Always consult with a physician or other
qualified medical care provider concerning the diagnosis and treatment of
any illness or injury.
Can be used as a natural insecticide. It is
important to note however that this plant contains high levels of
the natural pesticide pyrethrum, which has been known to cause
skin sensitivity in some people. The plant has been mixed with
other herbs and used to also treat headaches and inflammation of
the nose and throat. The tea was used to break fevers. The plant
was boiled and mixed with tallow to make a balm that could be
spread upon sores on the skin. It was used for as an eye medicine
to treat "dimness of sight." It was used as an astringent, a
diuretic, and as an aid for kidneys or the gout. The Cherokee and
Houma tribes boiled the roots to make a drink for "menstruation
troubles" and to induce miscarriages (to treat "suppressed
menstruation"). It was also used to treat hemorrhages and for
spitting of blood. The Catawba used a drink from the plant to
treat heart trouble.