black raspberry, black caps, black cap raspberry,
thimbleberry, scotch cap, and
Rosaceae – Rose family
While the plant is perennial, the
canes are biennial, meaning they die back at the end of the second
The plants send up thorny erect,
bent, or trailing canes up to 7ft long.
on the first year canes of most species are compound and usually
have 5 leaflets arranged palmately. There are typically 3 leaflets
on the flowering branchlets. The leaves are usually pointed, with
white undersides, and have toothed edges.
erect, bent, or trailing canes. The canes are biennial,
meaning they die back at the end of the second year. The
cane is unbranched in the first year, and do not produce
flowers or fruit. In the second year they do not increase in
length, but send out short branches that end in a flower
cluster. The plant then sends up a new cane each subsequent
Late spring through early summer
The distinct flowers have long, slender sepals which are
more than twice as long as the 5 petals.
The 1/2 inch berries are composed of
numerous juicy spheres or droplets, each containing a single seed
arranged around a white central core. They do not usually have as
many droplets as the fruit of its close relative the blackberry.
The berries contain a high content of
anthocyanins and ellagic acid.
The Rubus genus contains a myriad of
species. This genus is specifically fond of hybridization,
so you may find plants that have some or all of the
characteristics listed here.
Black raspberries are high in the
antioxidants anthocyanins. There is an ongoing small-scale
clinical trial on patients with Barrett's esophagus.
The black raspberry is also closely
related to the red raspberries Rubus idaeus and Rubus
strigosus, sharing the distinctively white underside of the
leaves and fruit that readily detaches from the carpel, but
differing in the ripe fruit being black, and in the stems
being more prickly. The black fruit makes them look like
blackberries, though this is only superficial, with the
taste being unique and not like either the red raspberry or
Dry or moist woods, fields, and
Fruit, Leaves, Shoots
Wild Food Uses:
Fruit - Fresh, jelly, pies
Leaves - Tea
Shoots: Trail nibble
The following text is
meant for informational purposes only. It is not meant to diagnose or
treat any illness or injury. Always consult with a physician or other
qualified medical care provider concerning the diagnosis and treatment of
any illness or injury.
This plant, just as all of those in the Rose
family has wonderful astringent properties. It dries up mucus
discharge. Has been used to treat diarrhea, bleeding, mucous
discharges, and the discomfort of varicosities and hemorrhoids.
Astringent, Antidiarrheal, Haemostatic