A fish spear is
nothing more than a spear with multiple points. The idea behind it being
that as the number of points on your spear increase so do your chances of
securing a meal. Making a fish spear is really quite simple, all you need
are a few simple supplies. You will need to locate a nice stout green
hardwood sapling approximately 1½
- 2 inches thick and 6 - 7ft long, two smaller twigs approximately ½" in
diameter, and some cordage, I usually use paracord, but you can also use
vine, flexible roots, or willow branch splits.
We are going to make
the thick part of the stick the business end. Let us look at the spear
from the standpoint of physics; the equation is F=MA. That is Force = Mass
x Acceleration. Which just means if you quickly thrust the heavy point of
the spear into the game, it will do more damage than doing the same thing
with the thin end.
Now using your
survival knife, split the heavy end down through the center about
8" or so. Now rotate the stick 90°, and split the stick one more
time. If you look at it from the end, you should have an X shape
with each tine being roughly the same size. Now is the time to
sharpen each tine. You do not need to bring it to final sharpness
yet, but anything you do not will make it easier later. It should
be noted that you could have also sharpened the stick prior to
splitting it. This is not usually the method I take, as I have had
trouble with getting it split perfectly after sharpening the spear
You now slide one of the twigs down inside one of the splits you made
in the spear. This will cause the tines to spread out, making a
more viable spear end. Once you have one of them slid down about 6
- 8 in, slide the other one down between the remaining tines.
your spear is complete, and could take fish, frogs, and small
game, but I like to take it one or two steps farther. At this
point, I like to trim the spreader twigs even with the spear. I
then wrap cordage around the split ends, making sure to secure the
spreader twigs in place quite well. Taking the time for this extra
step will ensure your spear lasts longer, and will not fail when
you need it by becoming tangles in nearby obstacles.
Taking a frog with my new fish spear.
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